Building Research Argument

How to build a research argument

Once a researcher collects data, he arranges all this into order in a way to give meaning to the reader. This is done on the basis of evidence the researcher has collected. This is called research argument.

A research argument is different from the one in our daily lives. In our daily lives, it may be in the form of right or wrong and heated debates or exchange of words. A research argument, on the other hand, is a discussion with people who share a common idea.

An argument consists of claim which is the solution to the problem suggested by the researcher. The reader shall believe only if this claim is backed up with reason and provide evidence.

The researcher, then, acknowledges and looks at the views and questions of the reader or the opponents and explains the principles of reasoning.

Why should we care about the reader’s view?


The reason behind this is that the reader shall not accept anything presented to them. A reader looking at our research paper will have questions on every part of the argument. It is, therefore, important to acknowledge the reader’s questions or views and answer them in the most convincing and persuading way based on the evidence collected.

The Claim: Core of the Argument

After making the claim, the researcher evaluates the significance of the claim by asking the questions

  • What kind of claim to make?
  • Is the claim specific enough?
  • Will our reader find it significant enough to be argued?

Keywords in Research Argument


The justification for linking the reason to the claim is called warrant. If a generalization is true so must be the specific instances.

Research Report

A research report typically consists of the following.

  1. Claim
  2. Reason
  3. Evidence
  4. Acknowledgement
  5. Response
  6. The Main Challenge

The main challenge of the researchers is to imagine the readers.

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